MARCH 17TH | 2:45 PM - 4:15 PM (ET)
Session Abstract: This symposium introduces the MMPI-3 (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-3; Ben-Porath & Tellegen 2020), a 335-item version of the MMPI instruments designed to provide a comprehensive and efficient assessment of clinically relevant variables with updated items, scales, and norms. In the first presentation, MMPI-3 co-authors Yossef Ben-Porath and Auke Tellegen describe development of the MMPI-3, including preliminary studies, the methods used to collect MMPI-3 data used to develop, validate, and norm the test, the process and outcome of scale development and standardization, and the test manuals that will be available to guide MMPI-3 use. The presentation includes a description of efforts that have produced over 25,000 MMPI-3 protocols collected in mental health, medical, forensic, public safety, community, and other non-clinical settings. In the second presentation, Danielle Burchett and Yossef Ben-Porath evaluate the MMPI-3 Validity scales. They specifically explored the utility of the MMPI-3 overreporting Validity Scales by comparing substantive scale criterion validity of subsamples classified as overreporters versus non-overreporters using outpatient pre-testing intake variables as external criteria. Overall, groups classified as overreporting evidenced lower associations between substantive scales and relevant criteria than those engaged in genuine responding. In the third presentation, Martin Sellbom and colleagues examine the four scales that are completely new to the MMPI-3, specifically, Eating Concerns (EAT), Compulsivity (CMP), Impulsivity (IMP), and Self-Importance (SFI) in two samples of university students (n=400) and community mental health patients (n=200). The EAT scale had large correlations with a range of eating disorder criterion measures in the university sample and the remaining three scale showed an impressive pattern of convergent and discriminant validity against maladaptive personality traits derived from both clinician-ratings and self-report in the mental health sample. In the fourth presentation, Dustin Wygant examined the validity of the MMPI-3 emotional and internalizing scales, which are organized per a hierarchical structure to capture broad to narrow-band facets of symptoms. This study examined the construct validity of the internalizing scales of the MMPI-3 in a sample of 264 undergraduate students who completed the measure along with the Inventory of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms-2 (Watson et al., 2012). Results suggested strong evidence of convergent and discriminant validity for the internalizing scales on the MMPI-3. In the final presentation, Tayla Lee and colleagues examined the utility of the MMPI-3 in assessing excessive alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems, which are significant public health concerns (SAMHSA, 2017). MMPI-3 work in this respect is very limited and Lee and colleagues therefore addressed this need using data from 58 individuals recruited from the community. Results suggest scores on the MMPI-3 Substance Use (SUB) scale most consistently associated with excessive alcohol consumption, alcohol-related symptoms, and Alcohol Use Disorder diagnoses.
Chair Information: Martin Sellbom, PhD | University of Otago
Discussant Information: Yossef S. Ben-Porath, PhD | Kent State University
Presentation 1 Title: MMPI-3 Development
Yossef S. Ben-Porath, PhD | Kent State University
Auke Tellegen, PhD | University of Minnesota
Presentation 2 Title: Utility of the MMPI-3 Over-Reporting Validity Scales in an Outpatient Sample: Comparing the Criterion Validity of Valid and Over-Reported Protocols
Danielle Burchett, PhD | California State University - Monterey Bay
Yossef S. Ben-Porath, PhD | Kent State University
Presentation 3 Title: Construct Validity of Four New MMPI-3 Specific Problems Scales
Martin Sellbom, PhD | University of Otago
Tiffany A. Brown, BSc. (Hons) | University of Otago
Nela Vanousova, BSc. (Hons) | University of Otago
Presentation 4 Title: Assessing Internalizing Symptoms with the MMPI-3
Dustin B. Wygant, PhD | Eastern Kentucky University
Presentation 5 Title: Assessing Alcohol-Related Problems with MMPI-3 Scale Scores
Tayla T.C. Lee, PhD | Ball State University
Megan A. Keen, B.A.| Ball State University
Collete N. Delawalla, B.A.| Ball State University
Dr. Martin Sellbom
Martin Sellbom is a Professor in Clinical Psychology at the University of Otago in Dunedin, New Zealand. He received his Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology in 2007 from Kent State University. His research focuses on psychopathy and other personality disorders, the integration of personality and psychopathology, and personality assessment with the MMPI instruments. Prof Sellbom's work has been featured in about 250 publications and he has co-authored a book on the forensic applications of the MMPI-2-RF (published by the University of Minnesota Press). He has won several awards, including the American Psychological Foundation’s Theodore Millon mid-career award for advancing personality science, American Psychology-Law Society’s Saleem Shah Award and Society for Personality Assessment’s Samuel and Anne Beck Award for early career achievement. He serves as the Editor-in-Chief for the Journal of Personality Assessment. For his clinical practice, Prof Sellbom specializes in forensic psychological evaluations.
Dr. Yossef Ben-Porath
Yossef Ben-Porath is a Professor of Psychological Sciences at Kent State University. He received his doctoral training at the University of Minnesota and has been involved extensively in MMPI research for the past 36 years. He is a co-developer of the MMPI-3, MMPI-2-RF, and MMPI-A-RF and co-author of test manuals, books, book chapters, and articles on the MMPI instruments. Dr. Ben-Porath is a board-certified psychologist (American Board of Professional Psychology-Clinical) whose clinical practice involves supervision of assessments at Kent State’s Psychological Clinic, consultation to agencies that screen candidates for public safety positions and provision of consultation and expert witness services in forensic cases.
Dr. Dustin B. Wygant
Dustin B. Wygant is a Professor of Psychology and Director of Clinical Training for the Doctor of Psychology (Psy.D.) program at Eastern Kentucky University. He received his BA in Psychology at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio prior to completing his MA and PhD in Clinical Psychology at Kent State University in Kent, Ohio. Dr. Wygant is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association and the Society for Personality Assessment. His primary research interests include the conceptualization of the psychopathic personality and the DSM-5 model of personality disorders. Other research interests include the MMPI family of instruments, detection of malingering, and use of personality assessment in forensic and medical settings.
In addition to his academic position, Dr. Wygant is a licensed psychologist in Ohio and Kentucky. He routinely conducts forensic psychological evaluations and testifies as an expert witness.
Dr. Tayla T.C. Lee
Tayla T.C. Lee, PhD, HSPP is an Assistant Professor of Psychological Science at Ball State University. Dr. Lee received her PhD in clinical psychology from Kent State University and completed post-doctoral training at Indiana University – Bloomington. Dr. Lee’s research investigates cognitive and personality mechanisms influencing externalizing disorders, as well as best practices in psychological assessment. Dr. Lee is an associate editor for theJournal of Personality Assessment and a consulting editor for Psychological Assessment, Assessment, and the Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings. Dr. Lee teaches courses in psychopathology, psychological assessment, and quantitative methods. She is a licensed psychologist in the state of Indiana and maintains a private practice conducting psychological and forensic assessments.
Megan A. Keen