MARCH 18TH | 4:00 PM - 5:30 PM (ET)
Session Abstract: During the past two decades over 1,200 papers on malingering research were published. To offer an overview and an update on the status of the art, this symposium adopts a multi-method perspective and reports on a series of studies conducted using different instruments. Mike Bagby and Danielle Burchett will start off the session by presenting some updates on MMPI findings. Next, John Kurtz will focus on the PAI and present data from a series of studies focusing on the PAI validity scales. Don Viglione and Luciano Giromini will then discuss some emerging findings addressing the validity and cross-cultural generalizability of the IOP-29. Lastly, Laszlo Erdodi will close the session by reporting on recent advances in performance validity assessment. By discussing the unique strengths and weaknesses of each specific method/test, this integrated paper session will help attendees to learn how to integrate their testing results when adopting a multi-method approach in their forensic evaluations.
Chair Information: Luciano Giromini, PhD | Department of Psychology, University of Turin, Italy
Discussant Information: Dustin B. Wygant, PhD | Department of Psychology, Eastern Kentucky University
Presentation 1 Title: Malingering Research with the MMPI instruments
Michael Bagby, PhD | Departments of Psychology and Psychiatry, University of Toronto
Danielle Burchett, PhD | Department of Psychology, California State University, Monterey Bay
Presentation 2 Title: Malingering Research with the PAI
John E. Kurtz, PhD | Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Villanova University
Presentation 3 Title: Malingering research with the IOP-29
Donald J. Viglione, PhD | California School of Professional Psychology, Alliant International University - San Diego
Luciano Giromini, PhD | Department of Psychology, University of Turin, Italy
Presentation 4 Title: Combining Embedded Validity Indicators into a Single Validity Composite - A Multivariate Model of Performance Validity Assessment
Presentation Abstract: My main research interests revolve around performance validity tests (PVTs), emergent markers of neuropsychological status and the link between emotional and cognitive functioning. The common thread connecting these areas is the search for contextual variables associated with non-credible responding during neuropsychological assessment. The ultimate goal is to develop a better understanding of the complex relationship between the examinee’s personal history, current stressors and demands, psychiatric conditions, instrumentation artifacts and their effect on neurocognitive profiles. At the practical level, this research program is designed to identify clinically relevant and statistically robust predictors of invalid response patterns using embedded PVTs in isolation and aggregated into composite scores. Developing novel indices in well-established tests and exploring the advantages of a multivariate approach to performance validity assessment over single indicators is a recurrent theme in these investigations.
Laszlo A. Erdodi, PhD | University of Windsor, Canada
Dr. Luciano Giromini
Luciano Giromini, PhD, is an Associate Professor in the Department of Psychology, and core faculty member for the Ph.D. program in Psychological, Anthropological and Educational Sciences of the University of Turin, Italy. He has taught psychological assessment and psychometrics at two Italian and one Californian universities, and is currently the coordinator of the Evidence-Based Psychological Assessment research team of University of Turin. He is one of the authors of the Inventory of Problems (IOP-29 and IOP-M) and Assessment Section Head for the journal Psychological Injury and Law.
Dr. Dustin B. Wygant
Dustin B. Wygant is a Professor of Psychology and Director of Clinical Training for the Doctor of Psychology (Psy.D.) program at Eastern Kentucky University. He received his BA in Psychology at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio prior to completing his MA and PhD in Clinical Psychology at Kent State University in Kent, Ohio. Dr. Wygant is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association and the Society for Personality Assessment. His primary research interests include the conceptualization of the psychopathic personality and the DSM-5 model of personality disorders. Other research interests include the MMPI family of instruments, detection of malingering, and use of personality assessment in forensic and medical settings.
In addition to his academic position, Dr. Wygant is a licensed psychologist in Ohio and Kentucky. He routinely conducts forensic psychological evaluations and testifies as an expert witness.
Dr. Donald J. Viglione
Donald J. Viglione, Ph.D. is a Distinguished Professor at the California School of Professional Psychology at Alliant International University in San Diego. He is a co-author of the two international measures, the Inventory of Problems, a malingering test, and the Rorschach Performance Assessment System, a widely used Rorschach system. At Alliant in San Diego, he was the founding Director of the Doctor of Psychology degree program and later the Director of Doctor Philosophy degree. He trained with Dr. John Exner at Long Island University, where he was awarded his Ph.D and served an internship in the United States Navy. He has focused his teaching, research, and clinical/forensic practice on assessment and has published more than 100 professional papers. He is a Diplomate of the American Board of Assessment Psychology and a Fellow of the Society for Personality Assessment.
Dr. John E. Kurtz
John E. Kurtz, Ph.D. is professor of psychology at Villanova University and a licensed clinical psychologist in Pennsylvania. He completed undergraduate studies at the University of California, Berkeley, doctoral studies in clinical psychology at Vanderbilt University, and clinical internship at the Veterans Affairs and University of Michigan hospitals in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Dr. Kurtz serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of Personality Assessment and Assessment. He conducts research on the Personality Assessment Inventory, adult personality development, and the use of knowledgeable informants in personality assessment.
Dr. Laszlo Erdodi
Dr. Erdodi is an Associate Professor in Psychology and a licensed clinical neuropsychologist. He completed his PhD in Clinical Psychology at Eastern Michigan University, and pre-doctoral internship at the London Health Sciences Center specializing in clinical neuropsychology. After one year in private practice focusing on forensic neuropsychology, he completed a two-year post-doctoral fellowship in clinical neuropsychology at the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth. He joined the Department of Psychology in 2014 as a member of the Clinical Neuropsychology Track. His long-standing research interests revolve around psychometrics, performance validity testing in neuropsychological assessment, the relationship between cognitive and emotional functioning, and limited English proficiency as a confounding variable in neurocognitive testing. He is also interested in the broader issue of instrumentation in psychological assessment: the interaction among administration time, order effects, testing paradigms, the influence of contextual variables (geographic region, incentive status, trauma history, current psychosocial functioning) on the clinical interpretation of test data. The psychometric, diagnostic and clinical challenges inherent in the assessment and treatment of patients with medically unexplained symptoms or with complex psychological trauma history, along with cross-cultural neuropsychology are his emerging areas of interest.