Corresponding Author Information: Steven Anthony Sola

Session Abstract: In keeping with the theme of the conference: "Advancing Standards in Personality Assessment," this symposium will bring together leading clinicians and researchers to explore the expanding scope of values assessment which links newer methods of assessment more closely with treatment. Dr. Steven Anthony Sola selectively and critically reviews the values assessment literature and suggests an approach based upon some new developments in social psychology, specifically the work of Shalom Schwartz and associates. He points out that we neglect this area at our own peril in individual assessment, and further suggests that our countertransference to dealing with values issues is a significant problem that must be overcome. Dr. Arnold Bruhn picks up the discussion of countertransference issues and illustrates an approach based upon based on Cognitive-Perceptual theory to conceptualize how countertransference may be overcome. He articulates his Early Memories Procedure as one way to accomplish this. Dr. Howard Lerner presents a highly illustrative case: "Value Conflict in Treating a White Supremacist" that goes to the heart of these issues. These papers will be discussed by Dr. Jilisa Snyder, a master clinician and supervising psychologist, who will integrate the contributions into the theme of "Advancing Standards in Personality Assessment" from a clinical and management perspective.

Chair Information: Howard D. Lerner, PhD | University of Michigan, Ann Arbor MI

Discussant Information: Jilisa Snyder, PhD | Brattleboro Retreat, Brattleboro VT

Presentation 1 Title: Extending the Assessment Process to Include Values, Moral Reasoning and Superego Functions


Steven Anthony Sola, PhD | Private Practice: Bennington VT and Pittsfield MA

Presentation 2 Title: Using Memories Work In Assessment To Clarify the Interplay of Mind, Memory and Personality


Arnold  Bruhn, PhD | Private Practice: Bethesda MD

Presentation 3 Title: Value Conflict in Treating a White Supremacist


Howard D. Lerner, PhD | University of Michigan, Ann Arbor MI

Presentation 4 Title: Discussion

Presenter: Jilisa Snyder, PhD | Brattleboro Retreat, Brattleboro VT

Steven Anthony Sola

Life Fellow, Society for Personality Assessment
Clinical Psychologist
Clinical Neuropsychologist
Rehabilitation Psychologist
Assistant Professor of Clinical Psychiatry (Retired)
Albany Medical College, Albany New York
Private Practice in Bennington VT and Pittsfield MA

Dr. LernerDr. Howard D. Lerner

Howard Davis Lerner, PhD, is a psychologist and child, adolescent, and adult psychoanalyst in Ann Arbor, Michigan, where he has a private practice and is on the faculty of the University of Michigan Department of Psychiatry and the Michigan Psychoanalytic Institute. Howard has authored and coauthored many articles and books on the Rorschach from a psychoanalytic point of view, and on Borderline Personality Disorder, borderline defenses, Trauma and Dissociation, and protocols with few responses. His interests include writing narratives, ice hockey, and all things Sweden.

Dr. Jilisa Snyder

Jilisa Snyder, Ph.D. is a clinical director and supervising psychodynamic psychotherapist, for over 36 years, at the Brattleboro Retreat. She teaches via didactics, workshops and graduate level courses: mental health, medical healthcare and bioethics.

Dr. Arnold Bruhn

Arnold Bruhn, Ph.D. just published the first textbook in the new field of applied autobiographical memory for Taylor and Francis--Working with Autobiographical Memories in Therapy, Assessment and Treatment. He has spent nearly 50 years exploring how personal memories encode and reveal personality as well as depict how we are triggered and how we can be healed. His website,, offers access to standardized materials used in the field.


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