Corresponding Author Information: Joao Pedro Oliveira
Session Abstract: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of the Big Five personality traits and music preferences on happiness within a sample of older adults.
A total of 155 community-dwelling older adults, 75 males and 80 females, with ages understood between 71 and 88 years old were assessed.
METHODS AND MATERIALS:
Data collection included a sociodemographic data questionnaire, the Mini-IPIP Five-Factor Model Personality Scale (Mini-IPIP; Donnellan, Oswald, Baird, & Lucas, 2006; Oliveira, 2017, 2019), the Short Test of Music Preferences (STOMP; Rentfrow, & Gosling, 2003), and the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ; Hills, & Argyle, 2002).
Correlational analysis and multiple regression analysis were carried out to determine the relationships between the Mini-IPIP factors, STOMP dimensions, and OHQ scores. In addition, a Structural Equation Model was proposed in order to understand the influence of the Big Five personality traits, and music preferences on happiness.
Results revealed that extraversion, agreeableness, openness to experience, and the preference for reflective and complex music, were positively correlated with happiness, while neuroticism showed a negative correlation.
The present findings have implications for the study of well-being and satisfaction with life in older adults and confirm the influence of the Big Five personality traits, and music preferences on happiness in late-life.
Joao Pedro Oliveira | Universidade Lusofona, Lisboa Portugal, SPA Member