Corresponding Author Information: Joao Pedro Oliveira

Session Abstract: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of the Big Five personality traits and sensation seeking on happiness within a sample of older adults.

SUBJECT(S):

A total of 200 community-dwelling older adults, 92 males and 108 females, with ages understood between 70 and 90 years old were assessed.

METHODS AND MATERIALS:

Data collection included a sociodemographic data questionnaire, the Mini-IPIP Five-Factor Model Personality Scale (Mini-IPIP; Donnellan, Oswald, Baird, & Lucas, 2006; Oliveira, 2017, 2019), the Sensation Seeking Scale form V (SSS-V; Zuckerman, 1994), and the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ; Hills, & Argyle, 2002).

ANALYSES:

Correlational analysis and multiple regression analysis were carried out to determine the relationships between the Mini-IPIP factors, the SSS-V scores, and OHQ scores. In addition, a Structural Equation Model was proposed in order to understand the influence of the Big Five personality traits, and the sensation seeking factors on happiness.

RESULTS:

Results revealed that extraversion, agreeableness, openness to experience, and sensation seeking, were positively correlated with happiness, while neuroticism showed a negative correlation.

CONCLUSIONS:

The present findings have implications for the study of well-being and satisfaction with life in older adults and confirm the role of sensation seeking as a mediator between personality traits and happiness in late-life.

Presenters:

Joao Pedro Oliveira | Universidade Lusofona, Lisboa Portugal, SPA Member

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