Corresponding Author Information: Joao Pedro Oliveira
Session Abstract: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of the Big Five personality traits and sensation seeking on happiness within a sample of older adults.
A total of 200 community-dwelling older adults, 92 males and 108 females, with ages understood between 70 and 90 years old were assessed.
METHODS AND MATERIALS:
Data collection included a sociodemographic data questionnaire, the Mini-IPIP Five-Factor Model Personality Scale (Mini-IPIP; Donnellan, Oswald, Baird, & Lucas, 2006; Oliveira, 2017, 2019), the Sensation Seeking Scale form V (SSS-V; Zuckerman, 1994), and the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ; Hills, & Argyle, 2002).
Correlational analysis and multiple regression analysis were carried out to determine the relationships between the Mini-IPIP factors, the SSS-V scores, and OHQ scores. In addition, a Structural Equation Model was proposed in order to understand the influence of the Big Five personality traits, and the sensation seeking factors on happiness.
Results revealed that extraversion, agreeableness, openness to experience, and sensation seeking, were positively correlated with happiness, while neuroticism showed a negative correlation.
The present findings have implications for the study of well-being and satisfaction with life in older adults and confirm the role of sensation seeking as a mediator between personality traits and happiness in late-life.
Joao Pedro Oliveira | Universidade Lusofona, Lisboa Portugal, SPA Member